#TabooTuesday: Everything You *NTK* About Ovarian Cysts

Period Tips, Help and Advice / posted 2 weeks ago / Claire Blackmore

#TabooTuesday: Everything You *NTK* About Ovarian Cysts

Ovarian cysts are common and are often not a cause for concern. However sometimes, cysts can be painful and you may need medical treatment.

Today, Pink Parcel’s resident GP Ms Shirin Irani, a consultant gynaecologist at Spire Parkway Hospital, tells us everything we need to know about ovarian cysts.

What exactly are ovarian cysts?

“An ovarian cyst is a fluid-filled sac that develops on a woman’s ovary. Most occur naturally and disappear in a few months without the need for treatment. They are very common and in the vast majority of cases don’t actually cause any symptoms”.

When, where and how do they develop?

“Functional ovarian cysts are linked to the menstrual cycle and affect pre-menopausal women. Each month, a woman’s ovaries release an egg, which travels along the fallopian tubes into the womb. Each egg forms inside the ovary in something called a follicle. This follicle contains fluid that protects the egg as it grows and then bursts when the egg is released from the ovary.

If a follicle doesn’t release an egg, or doesn’t discharge its fluid and shrink after the egg is released it can swell and become a cyst.

Pathological cysts are caused by abnormal cell growth and aren’t related to the menstrual cycle. They develop from either the cells used to create eggs or the cells that cover the outer part of the ovary”.

What are the symptoms?

“An ovarian cyst usually only causes symptoms if it ruptures, is very large, or blocks the blood supply to the ovaries. It can cause pelvic pain ranging from a heavy sensation to a sudden, sharp stabbing pain. It can also cause pain during intercourse. Other symptoms include bloating, a frequent need to urinate and difficulty emptying the bowels”.

How are they treated?

“For most cases surgery is not necessary but may be carried out if cysts are large, causing uncomfortable symptoms or are potentially cancerous. As post-menopausal women have a slightly higher risk of ovarian cancer, regular ultrasound scans and blood tests are usually recommended for a year after treatment”.

Can ovarian cysts cause other problems?

“Ovarian cysts don’t usually prevent you from getting pregnant, although they can sometimes make it harder to conceive. If an operation is necessary the surgeon will aim to preserve your fertility whenever possible. However, in a very small number of cases, surgery to remove both your ovaries may be necessary, in which case you will no longer produce any eggs”.


Leave a comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Problems sleeping on your period? You're not alone.

This Is How Your Period Is Affecting Your Sleep

It’s Menstrual Hygiene Day! This year’s theme is based around education, so if you feel like there’s a whole load more you...

SAMSUNG CAMERA PICTURES Processed with Snapseed.
Period Tips, Help and Advice

The Period Questions We *Probs* Should Know The Answers To

If you’re in your 20s or 30s you’ll have been having periods for years, huh? Yet for most of us, each time...

Processed with VSCO with a6 preset

Why Travelling On Your Period Doesn’t Have To Be A Drama

Period dramas are supposed to be all about tight corsetry and romantic whimsy, not silent cursing over those telltale cramps on your precious...

period memes
Period Tips, Help and Advice

15 Struggles You’ll Only Understand If You Bleed From Your Vagina Every Month

1. When the pizza man comes and you yell at the kids to come downstairs but you’re really home alone, because cravings.  ...